In November 2020, the state of Oregon became the first U.S. state to decriminalize and legalize psilocybin for therapeutic purposes following the passage of election measure.109  Studies conducted in recent years have shown that psilocybin and other psychedelics can have beneficial effects on various mental illnesses and other conditions such as PTSD, anorexia, chronic pain, fibromyalgia, and substance abuse. Indigenous peoples around the world have recognized the beneficial effects of psychedelics for hundreds of years and incorporated them into spiritual rituals. In one federal country, actions can be decriminalized by one level of government, while being subject to sanctions imposed by another; For example, possession of a decriminalized drug can still be prosecuted by one level of government, but another can always impose a fine. This should be compared to legalization, which eliminates all or most of the legal disadvantages of a previously illegal act. It was also noted that while some acts have been decriminalized, such as homosexuality and adultery, others have increased, such as incest.  On November 8, 2022, Colorado passed the Natural Medicine Act, which legalized the use of five psychedelics, including psilocybin, ibogaine (a psychedelic derived from the root bark of iboga), mescaline (peyote), and ayahuasca for individuals 21 and older. It is curious to note that so few psychedelics are actually legal. There are several reasons for this, although they tend to be related. Supporters of the movement cited new research indicating potential medical applications for the drug. Oregon voters passed Oregon Poll 109, 2020, becoming the first state to decriminalize and legalize psilocybin for therapeutic purposes.   The use, sale and possession of psilocybin in the United States is illegal under federal law, despite state laws. It seemed that psychedelics were associated with certain attitudes, and as Ehrlichman`s testimony indicates, we can see that the U.S.
government felt threatened by this at the time. The Oregon vote is the latest step in what many consider magic mushrooms to become „the next marijuana“: a natural, mind-altering therapeutic compound that is gaining acceptance in a regulated market. Since 2015, psilocybin retreats have been allowed in the Netherlands, where dozens of them cater to wealthy tourists. But even then, the drug exists in a legal gray area: psilocybin mushrooms are illegal, but „truffles“ (tufts of underground filaments resembling the mushroom`s roots) are legal. Many believe that decriminalization is the first step on the road to full legalization, and legalization is exactly what it sounds like. If a drug is legalized, it can be freely used and sold, but with certain requirements. Alcohol, for example, is legal, but is only allowed for people over the age of 21. There are actually several psychedelics that have been legalized or decriminalized in the United States. But they only have this legal status in certain contexts, states or cities. That`s when Albert Hoffman invented a new psychedelic drug called LSD – an event that led to an aggressive fear-based campaign that resulted in the illegality of psychedelics. Decriminalisation or decriminalisation is the legal reclassification of certain acts or aspects thereof that are no longer considered a criminal offence, including the lifting of criminal sanctions concerning them. This reform is sometimes applied retroactively, but comes into force either when the law comes into force or from a certain date.
In some cases, regulated permits or fines may still apply (in contrast, see: Legalization), and related aspects of the original criminal act may persist or be explicitly classified as a crime. The term was coined by anthropologist Jennifer James to express the „goals of the sex worker movement to eliminate laws directed against prostitutes,“ although it is now commonly applied to drug policy.  The reverse process is criminalization. To learn more about the comparison between ketamine therapy and ketamine infusion, read our guide. Oregon`s position at the forefront of psychedelic adoption has led to what some have called the state`s psychedelic gold rush, with several international entrepreneurs rushing to assert their claim in what is certainly a fast-growing sector. Psychedelics have a long history of use for medicinal purposes. But the prevalence of perceived abuse led the federal government to label psychedelics as a Schedule 1 substance in 1973, effectively making them illegal. In addition, the legal landscape of psychedelics is constantly changing and in a few years we will see psychedelics legalized or decriminalized in more countries and states in the United States. President Joe Biden`s administration wants to explore emerging research on psilocybin to treat various mental illnesses as states decriminalize and legalize the substance for medical purposes. Five months ago, she told lawmakers in Washington, D.C., who are considering a bill that would legalize the use of psilocybin, that her trips to Jamaica „saved my life.“ If you decide to embark on a psychedelic treatment journey, we`d love to hear about your experience.
Our community groups offer a way to build relationships and connect with others undergoing psychedelic treatment. These in-person and virtual groups are open to anyone interested in this growing community and learning about psychedelic therapy. Oregon was the first state to decriminalize psilocybin mushrooms and legalize them for therapeutic purposes. NAC members and Native Americans can legally use, possess and transport peyote when doing so in a religious context. This exemption is granted by the American Indian Religious Freedom Act (AIRFA) of 1978 and an amendment to that Act in 1994. If these conditions do not apply to you, possession of peyote would be illegal – since mescaline is a Schedule I drug. The United States prohibits the production, sale and possession of peyote. Ketamine treatment is available in all states and most cities through ketamine clinics and ketamine-assisted psychotherapy.
Clinical trials are a way for people to gain access to psychedelics through experimental treatment. Compassionate use policies can create a path for some people. Field Trip Health (TSX: FTHW) is also eyeing the state, with plans to open at least one treatment center there. The Canadian company is currently valued at approximately C$46 million and operates a dozen ketamine-based therapy centres in Canada and the United States. cities such as Ann Arbor, Michigan; Denver; Oakland, California; and Seattle have passed measures that essentially decriminalize psilocybin mushrooms and sometimes other psychedelics derived from plants or mushrooms. Cities do not distinguish between medical and recreational uses. At the state level, many medicinal mushrooms are allowed. However, psilocybin mushrooms remain illegal. The cities of Somerville, Northampton and Cambridge have decriminalized psilocybin mushrooms, making their possession and consumption a low law enforcement priority. More and more companies are now recognizing the very real potential of drugs such as MDMA and psilocybin, both clinically and therapeutically. Where there is potential for treatment, there is potential for investment. If there is anything to learn from cannabis, the legalization of psilocybin has the potential to become a crowded industry in the near future.
It is currently not legal or decriminalized for use outside of a hospital. Ketamine treatment is one way to access psychedelic therapy in 2022, but it`s not for everyone. Some patients are interested in other psychedelics for mental health, such as psilocybin for depression. If you`re wondering, „How do I access psychedelics that are still in the experimental stage?“, we have a few options for you. LSD remains one of the most stigmatized psychedelics, which can contribute to delaying its legalization or approval by the FDA. Verywell Mind advises against using psychedelics without a doctor`s supervision. However, such use will be strictly regulated: only therapists and licensed manufacturers will be allowed to grow the mushrooms or extract psilocybin from them, or synthetically manufacture the drug, set up a psilocybin therapy center, or offer therapy. There won`t be dispensaries selling recreational mushrooms like there are for cannabis in California and 15 other states. Individuals must be over the age of 21 to receive the medication and may only consume it in a licensed facility with a certified therapist. And Oregon won`t open legal psilocybin therapy centers until 2023 at the earliest, because the measure requires a two-year consultation with lawmakers. Many people have found community and support through retreats that combine psychedelic experiences with therapy.
But these retreats can carry certain risks. There is currently no state or city where all forms of psychedelics are downright legal. In the field of mental health, legalized use gives practitioners the opportunity to incorporate psychedelics into treatment. Experts say that while their use could be beneficial, it`s important to consider the implications. How this happened is a saga in itself. While psilocybin mushrooms are illegal, psilocybin truffles — the fruiting body of a mushroom — are not. In short, there was a loophole in the law banning magic mushrooms that were never stuffed.