Today, as state and federal laws, insurance changes, and clinic closures have made it increasingly difficult to obtain an abortion, a growing movement is dedicated to supporting pregnant women who are learning how to handle an abortion on their own. The Court allowed states to prohibit abortion on the basis of viability as long as they had an exception to protect the life or health of the pregnant person. Nevertheless, many political obstacles limit the scope of telemedical abortion. Many states prohibit patients from accessing the abortion pill via telemedicine, despite its proven safety. In addition to restrictive state laws, the Hyde Amendment and subsequent federal and state laws banning public funding for abortions continue to restrict access for low-income people who are disproportionately women of color. Planned Parenthood fights for access to abortion for all. This struggle is intersectional. It`s about dismantling America`s racist systems, such as the economic and health care systems that make a disproportionate number of black and brown people dependent on public insurance that doesn`t cover abortion. The American Medical Association led the crusade to ban abortion in the 19th century All this says historian Leslie Reagan, whose 1996 book on the history of abortion in the United States is considered one of the most comprehensive to date. Beyond the numbers, personal stories show that abortion is an essential health service, for whatever reason. The right to abortion has been both supported and denied throughout history. When they are banned, abortions continue to occur, although legal and practical barriers make it more difficult and less safe for those who want to have an abortion.
In medical parlance, „abortion“ can refer to a miscarriage or abortion until the fetus is viable. After viability, doctors call an abortion an „abortion.“ Feminist networks offered support, loans and referrals, and fought to keep prices low. But for every person who managed to make it to New York or the few other places where abortion was legal, many others with limited financial resources or mobility still sought illegal abortions. The acceptance of early abortion changed in the 19th century when Victorian sensibilities took hold. Until 1910, abortion — except in cases to save the mother`s life — was a criminal case in every state except Kentucky, where courts declared the procedure legally illegal. The new restrictions on abortion were caused by many factors, including changing social, class, and family dynamics in the early 19th century. Victorian Americans believed that abortion was a problem caused by upper-class white women who chose to start their families later and limit their size. Greater female independence was also seen as a threat to male power and patriarchy, especially as Victorian women increasingly volunteered outside the home for religious and charitable purposes. In 1981, Bellotti v. Baird, the Supreme Court ruled that pregnant minors can ask the court for permission to have an abortion without parental notification. The current legal interpretation of the U.S. Constitution regarding abortion following the landmark 1973 U.S.
Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade and subsequent decisions that accompany it is that abortion is legal, but can be restricted by states to varying degrees. States have passed laws to restrict late-term abortions, require parental notification for minors, and require disclosure of information about abortion risk for patients before the procedure.  One aspect of the current legal abortion regime was the determination of when the fetus is „viable“ outside the womb as a measure of when the fetus` „life“ is its own (and therefore subject to state protection). In the majority opinion of the Court in Roe v. Wade, viability was defined as „potentially able to live outside the womb, albeit with artificial aid. Viability is usually estimated to be around seven months (28 weeks), but can also occur earlier, even after 24 weeks. When the court ruled in 1973, medical technology then in force suggested that viability could occur as early as week 24.
Advances over the past three decades have allowed some babies born at 22 weeks to survive.  These laws have sought to humiliate, pressure, punish, and block people who want abortions. Many of these laws violated Roe v. Wade. However, due to systemic racism, laws restricting access to abortion continued to target Black people and other people of color.