Dismissal with prejudice: When a court dismisses a case and does not allow another claim for the same claim in the future. LRE: In English, they mean „least restriction environment“. This means that pupils receiving special education should, as far as possible, be placed in regular classes, while their able-bodied peers receive conventional education at the same time as their special educational needs. Small Claims Court: A division of the trial court that handles civil cases involving claims of $5,000 or less. The plaintiff may bring a small claims action or a joint civil case (with limited jurisdiction) in a higher court. Small Claims Court is designed to be simple, quick and less costly than ordinary civil litigation. In small claims courts, there are no lawyers, no rules of evidence, no jurors. The plaintiff does not have the right to appeal the judge`s decision, but the defendant can appeal. An appeal requires a new trial before another judge. Lawyers may participate in the appeal. Process: A series of pleadings in a dispute.
The term „trial“ can also refer to a legal document requiring a defendant to respond to a request or agree to a judgment of non-appearance. Marshal: A law enforcement officer who has the power to arrest, serve legal documents in civil cases and subpoenas, and serve as a sheriff in the courtroom. Not applicable: A point or question related to a legal case that generally has no practical meaning or relevance to the case. A contentious issue is a point that the judge cannot resolve, that is not contested by the parties or resolved amicably. Succession: legal proceedings to determine whether the will of a deceased person (called „deceased“) is authentic or not; Distribution of the estate of a deceased person. Personalized service: When court forms are delivered in person. The person handing over the forms must tell the other person that they are legal documents and leave them close to the person (for example, at their feet). The person served does not have to accept the documents or say or sign anything.
(See Service Professional also See Service Professional.) Parentage: A legal decision regarding the identity of a child`s parents. Parentage or paternity must be established before a court can issue a support order or medical assistance. Fair: (1) Describes legal claims as „fairness“ rather than „law“. In the legal history of England, the courts of „justice“ could only order the payment of damages. But „courts of law“ can order someone to do or not do something. (See also injunction.) Under U.S. law, the courts have jurisdiction over both law and equity. But in general, there may be a jury trial in „legal“ cases, but not in „fair“ cases. (2) Treat all parties fairly and equitably. This implies not only a just decision based on the law, but also a decision guided by the logical ideas of impartiality and justice. Trial: A court case in which cases of fact and law are heard according to certain legal procedures so that a bailiff or jury can make a decision.
It can be (1) a trial – a trial heard and decided by a judge, or (2) a jury trial – a trial heard and decided by a jury. Hearings: Written questions sent by a disputing party to the opposing party as part of pre-trial disclosure in civil matters. The party receiving the hearings must respond in writing under oath. (See also disclosure.) coram nobis: A legal document used to inform the court of factual errors in the case. It is used to try to undo the error. It comes from Latin and means „before us, in our presence.“ IEP: The acronym for „individual educational program“. An IEP is designed to meet the exceptional needs of public school students who are eligible for special education services. Legal aid organizations: Organizations that provide free legal advice, representation and other services to low-income individuals in non-criminal court proceedings. Withholding order: An order of a court „served“ by a garnishment or a registered service employee that directs the employer of a judgement debtor to withhold the debtor`s income for a garnishment of wages. service of proceedings: service of proceedings on a party who leaves court documents with a person who is not a party to the dispute; It is only valid if certain procedures are followed. (See also Process deployment.) Limited representation: An agreement with a lawyer to assist you with certain parts of the case for a fixed or limited fee.
Also called „unpackaged legal services“ or „unpacking“. Judgment: (1) The official decision of a court settling the dispute between the parties to the dispute; 2. the decision or administrative decision of a judge or hearing officer of an administrative authority relating to the respective rights and claims of the parties to a dispute; also known as an „order“ or „order“ and may include „findings of fact and legal conclusions“; (3) the final decision of the judge, indicating which party won the case and the terms of the decision. It can be „n.o.a.,“ meaning a decision in favor of one party even if there was a judgment for the other party, or „summary,“ meaning the court`s decision before a trial that states that the facts of the case are not disputed and that one party is entitled to judgment. (Compare with determination, judgment.) Repair and deduction of remedy: The tenant`s remedy is to deduct from future rents the amount necessary to remedy the defects covered by the implied warranty of habitability. The amount deducted cannot exceed one month`s rent. Tenants should exercise caution when applying this remedy and consult a lawyer first to confirm that it is appropriate for their situation. Surrogate father: A person who replaces the legal parent to defend the child`s special educational needs and rights; It can be chosen by the child`s parents or appointed by the local education authority (LEA).